Cyprus History through the Ages - cypnet.co.uk

      
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Cyprus History

Hunter Gatherers & Neolithic Revolution in Cyprus

A cave to the west of Limassol [in South Cyprus], piled high with the bones of defenceless elephants and hippopotami, mixed in with stone tools and burnt shells, attest to manís first arrival, in about 8,500-8,000 B.C.

Though the evidence is sketchy it now seems that visiting bands of hunter-gatherers, in an orgy of feasting, exterminated the islandís unique fauna. The hunters, perhaps haunted by the ghosts of the defenceless animals, did not make a permanent settlement.

At about the same time, a great revolution was occurring in the high plateau of Anatolia (eastern Turkey). The invention of agriculture transformed mankind from family groups of mobile hunter-gatherers into permanent communities of farmers. It led to a rapid growth in population and a consistent pattern of emigration which steadily diffused the new techniques.

By 7,000 B.C. soil and forest exhaustion in Anatolia escalated the pressure for new land. Refugees from the ensuing conflict were forced onto the unhealthy marsh coast of Syria and Turkey and some then moved on to Cyprus, visible on a clear day.

 

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