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The City of Kyrenia, Cyprus

Ayios Epiktitos Vrysi (Çatalköy)

Ayios Epiktitos Vrysi (Çatalköy)Ayios Epiktitos Vrysi is a Neolithic settlement on a small headland on the cost looking as if it is about to slip down into the sea, which actually happened to part of it. It is thought to have been occupied from between 4000 and 3000 BC, and according to the impression that the pottery and obsidian finds have been brought, by people from Cilicia, in Anatolia.

Artifacts such as stone axes, grinders, and bone needless as well as remains of wheat, barley, lentils, grapes and olives show that the inhabitants of Vrysi were farmers rather than fishermen. Pigs, sheep, goats, dogs and cats are among the animals whose bones have been identified. Their handmade painted pottery is decorated with bold designs in dark red or brown on a white surface.

Some of the dwellings were irregular in plan owing to the uneven surface of the rock promontory; some were rectangular with softened corners. They were underground (especially those dug by the first settlers) with walls built inside hollows cut out of the rock and connected by narrow passages. The houses were separated from each other by narrow streets. The stone walls were plastered with clay on their inner surface. The first dwellings were very weak. Later they became stronger. The floors were mud or clay covered with woven mats of plant fibber. Each room had a raised hearth and platforms. The roofs were of reed. At the beginning the settlement was fortified by a V-shaped ditch became unnecessary, and new houses were built beyond it for the growing population.

Archaeologists believe that after an earthquake around 3000 BC the people of the settlement moved somewhere else.














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