the Eastern Mediterranean, North Cyprus is one of the few places
free from heavy concentration of industry and people (51.1
people per square km), and is one of the least polluted regions
in the European periphery.
Within an area
of 3,355 sq. km. North Cyprus offers 387 kilometres of
picturesque coastline with both sandy and rocky beaches and
pine, cypress and maquis covered hills reaching an altitudeof
about 1,000 metres.
last ice age, the island of Cyprus has managed to retain a
substantial amount of biological diversity with a significant
amount of endemic species. Plant species number about 1,600 (22
endemic); bird species about 350 (7 endemic); and there are 26
reptile and amphibian species.
46 sandy beaches in North Cyprus comprise the main nestling
ground for the endangered Chelonia Mydas and Caretta Caretta sea
turtles in the Eastern Mediterranean. In 1992, about 1,500 rare
female turtles laid eggs on the shores of North Cyprus.
island is on one of the main migration routes of birds between
Eastern Europe and Africa. Each year approximately 300 species
amounting to millions of birds use this route in early spring
and late summer.
The last colony
of European Audouin seagulls nest on the small Klidhes isles at
the tip of the Karpas peninsula.